Microsoft Azure is a cloud platform that offers a wide range of services to its users. It’s used by organizations all around the world for a variety of reasons. However, as with any other system, Azure is not immune to attacks.
That’s why it’s important to perform penetration tests on your Azure infrastructure on a regular basis. In this blog post, we will discuss how you can go about performing penetration tests on Azure and what you need to consider before starting.
1: What to consider before starting?
Scope of the test:
You must first decide what you wish to examine and what shall be excluded from the test. For example, if you’re only interested in testing the security of your virtual machines, then you don’t need to test the security of your storage accounts.
You also need to decide how much time you have for the test and what needs to be done within that time frame.
You’ll need access to Azure resources for the test, so make sure you have enough resources allocated beforehand.
Who will be performing the tests? You’ll need a team of skilled testers who are familiar with Azure and penetration testing.
What methodology will you be using for the test? There are many things you can test for through penetration testing, so choose all that is necessary.
How will you report the results of the test? Make sure you have a method in place to collect and store the information.
Now that you know what to consider before beginning, let’s proceed.
2: Setting up your Azure environment:
This includes creating an Azure account and allocating resources for the test.
Once you have created an account, you need to create a testing environment. This can be done by creating a new Azure subscription or using an existing one. If you’re using an existing subscription, make sure you have enough resources allocated for the test.
You’ll also need to set up some best penetration testing tools and resources for the test. These include a penetration testing toolkit, an Azure account, and access to resources you want to test.
Now that your environment is set up, let’s take a look at what you should be testing for.
3: What to test for on Azure?
There are many different aspects of Azure that you can test, but here are some of the most important ones:
- Security of virtual machines: Make sure your virtual machines are properly configured and secured. Test for things like weak passwords, open ports, and vulnerable software.
- Security of storage accounts: Test the security of your storage accounts by trying to access them without proper authentication. Also, check for things like data leakage and unauthorised access.
- Security of networking: Make sure your networking infrastructure is secure by testing for things like weak passwords and vulnerable software.
- Security of applications: Test the security of your applications by trying to access them without proper authentication. Also, check for things like data leakage and unauthorised access. Make sure your web applications are properly secured. Test for things like SQL injection, cross-site scripting, and session hijacking.
- Security of Azure resources: Check that your Azure resources are properly secured and not exposed to the public.
- Security of databases: Make sure your databases are properly configured and secured. Test for things like weak passwords, open ports, and vulnerable software.
4: How to Perform a Penetration Test on Azure
You can follow any method you like but do include the basic steps mentioned below.
The first step is to discover the Azure resources you want to test. Use a tool like Burp Suite to search for them automatically or manually enter the addresses.
Once you have found the resources, you need to map out the environment. This includes understanding how the resources are interconnected and what each one does.
Now it’s time to start the attack. This is where you’ll use your penetration testing skills to find vulnerabilities in the system and exploit them.
Once the test is complete, you need to report your findings. This includes documenting all the vulnerabilities you have found and how they can be exploited.
Resolve and Re-test:
The final step is to resolve the vulnerabilities and re-test the system to ensure that they have been fixed.
That’s it! You now know how to perform penetration testing on Azure. If you follow the steps above, you’ll be able to find and exploit any vulnerabilities in your system. Just remember to take into account the things we discussed in the first step and you’ll be fine. If you’re not currently performing penetration tests on Azure, we urge you to start today.
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